The Thyroid Gland is identified as a gland which is in the shape of a butterfly. It is located near the lower front part of the neck. Thyroid mainly helps to produce hormones which the blood carries through every tissue in the body. This helps to regulate metabolism, which is a process to convert food into energy. It is also helpful in keeping all the organs functioning and helping the body conserve heat.
When the hormones produced by the thyroid is excess, the body exhibits certain problems. The swelling and growth of cysts and nodules can be symptoms of the disease. During such conditions, thyroid surgery is recommended as further complications due to the excess hormones has to be prevented.
Thyroid diseases are caused mostly due to the presence of nodules or tumours on the thyroid gland. While most of these nodules are benign, some can be cancerous. Even the smallest of the nodules can obstruct the throat if they grow large. They can even cause the problems due to overproduction of the hormones.
Hyperthyroidism is the result of an autoimmune disorder which causes the body to mistake the thyroid gland for a foreign body and send antibodies to attack it. This causes the inflammation of the thyroid and overproduction of the hormones takes place. The enlargement of the thyroid can also be a reasonable reason for the surgery as well. This condition can be referred as goitre. The goitre can also cause a block in the throat and can also interfere with daily activities like eating, speaking and breathing. Hyperthyroidism treatment has its own benefits and risks. Converse about the benefits and risks of each kind of treatment with your doctor. For few of the people, more than one kind of treatment may be needed.
Thyroid disease can be attended to and controlled with relative ease as the treatment of thyroid in India is available everywhere. Thyroid surgery can be further classified into lobectomy, subtotal thyroidectomy and total thyroidectomy. Lobectomy includes the removal of some part of the gland in which the nodes are affected. The doctor removes the affected part and the remaining part is expected to maintain its working functions afterwards.
Subtotal thyroidectomy is a case in which the thyroid is removed and the tissue is left behind to retain the thyroid functions. It is observed that many people undergoing this kind of surgery develop hypothyroidism. Hypothyroid is the condition in which the thyroid doesn’t produce the necessary hormones for the body. This is usually treated by the use of daily hormone supplements.
Total thyroidectomy is done in the most dangerous stage of the thyroid disease. Here the whole thyroid gland and the tissue are removed. This can be due to heavy inflammation of the nodules of the gland or when cancer is present.
Usually, the thyroid surgeon takes some precautions as the patient is advised not to drink or eat anything after midnight till the surgery is completed. The patient is allowed to be sedated first and then the surgery begins. During the surgery, the surgeon makes an incision over the thyroid gland and carefully remove some parts of the gland. The surgery may take two or more hours as the gland is small and is completely surrounded by nerves and other glands.
Delhi is a very rushed and fast-paced city. Thyroid surgery in Delhi is very simple but hard to choose due to the high number of facilities. PSTakeCare helps you to find the best facilities in the city with the best doctors you can choose for the surgery. You can simply book your doctor’s appointment for the doctor consultation on the PSTakeCare online portal.